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Hip Dysplasia

Anatomy, Pathology, and Treatments:

The hip is composed of two bones, the head of the femur (ball on top of thigh bone) and the acetabulum (socket) that is a portion of the pelvis. The ends of these bones that move about each other have a layer of cartilage, which forms the surface of the joint. Dysplasia of the hip is best described as an underdeveloped acetabulum (socket) that is not deep enough to support a healthy environment for the cartilage. Hip dysplasia can affect children as young as newborns and is usually screened for at the time of birth with the Ortolani and Barlow maneuvers. Treatment for children may include casting or potentially surgery.

Hip Dysplasia in adults
The hip dysplasia that is noted in adult patients is generally considered a developmental dysplasia of the hip that gradually changes during one’s childhood. Here the acetabulum is under-developed and is noted to be shallow. This leaves a small amount of cartilage on the socket to bear the weight of the body. The labrum is a lip of tissue surrounding the hip socket that will usually grow larger, hypertrophy, in order to try to accommodate for the under-developed acetabulum. The cartilage and labrum will eventually become damaged because of the abnormal stress they are repetitively seeing. Some treatment is aimed at repairing damaged cartilage and labrum if the dysplasia is not bad enough. Severe cases of dysplasia will be better suited for a periacetabular osteotomy or PAO surgery. The PAO surgery entails creating osteotomies, fractures, around the acetabulum and reorienting it so that there is more acetabular cartilage covering the femoral head. In severe cases where there is extensive cartilage damage, a patient may be a better candidate for a minimally invasive anterior approach total hip replacement.

  •  Dull aching throbbing pain deep in the hip that radiates down the front of the thigh
  • Knee Pain
  • Sharp Stabbing “ice pick” pain
  • Weakness in muscles around the hip
  • Reduced range of motion
  • Difficulty doing activities such as tying your shoes or picking up objects.
  • Feel or hear the hip joint moving and grinding

Discomfort and pain are described by patients as a dull, aching throb that is deep in the hip. This typically is located in the groin fold in front of the hip and will radiate down the front of the thigh toward the inner aspect of the knee and toward the buttock region. In fact, many patients may have the sensation that their knee hurts; however, it may just be radiating pain from hip joint problems. Many will also describe a sharp, stabbing type of pain that is equilibrated to being “stabbed by an icepick”. Pain can also elicit a feeling of weakness in the muscles around the hip, which can result in the leg buckling or giving way. The pain typically increases whenever the hip joint is bent during activities like squatting, sitting and stairs. Athletic activities such as running and jumping, which require hip flexion, will also aggravate these symptoms. Activities that also require rotation through the hip, such as golf and pickleball may also increase these symptoms. A person’s range of motion, or movement, of the hip will also be affected. This effectively decreases ones ability to fully bend or straighten the hip. Patients typically have difficulty tying shoes or picking up objects from low-lying places.
In severe cases, a person may be able to feel or hear the hip joint moving and grinding. This may be a result of damaged cartilage and bone moving about each other or perhaps from loose fragments floating in the hip or a flap from a concomitant labrum tear catching on the overlying bone.

What we Treat

Knee Treatments
Knee Arthritis
Knee Tendon Injuries
Knee Ligament Injuries
Meniscus Tears

Hip Treatments
Hip Arthritis
Hip Labrum Tears
Hip Impingement
Hip Dysplasia
Avascular Necrosis


Ana Puente Berry
23:26 10 Sep 21
Dr. Jimenez is awesome. He has a great way of working with his patients and brings a feeling of peace and reassurance to them. He has taken excellent care of my mother after her fall . I would recommend him to more
Jeff Reeder
15:00 10 Aug 21
I have had three procedures done with Doctors Jimenez and Martinez. The total experience has been spectacular. The staff is very personable and professional. The Doctors and nurses are friendly and very professional and thorough. All my questions were answered clearly. All projections of events and recovery were spot on. I enthusiastically recommend them without any hesitationread more
Ruben Ramirez
00:56 03 Jul 21
Today I met with DrJimenez . We as awesome explained my condition and I was convinced I wanted him to perform the hip replacement procedureread more
Nancy Hodges
22:27 04 Jun 21
I had a hip replacement 8 weeks ago and could not be more pleased with the results. Dr. Jimenez and his staff are more
steve laferrara
14:33 17 May 21
I would give 10 stars if possible!!! Best Dr.I have ever experienced.He is great and cares about more